Fabrikasi dan uji kinerja mesin produksi santan terintegrasi pemarutan tipe sentrifugal kapasitas 10 liter/jam

Herdi Susanto, Darwin Hendri, Zakir Husin, Sulaiman Ali

Abstract


The development of coconut processing technology to produce coconut milk for small and medium industry until now still uses a separate processing machine between coconut grating and coconut squeezing, so it is considered ineffective and less efficient. Therefore, previous studies aimed at improving the performance of coconut processing machines into coconut milk, have been carried out with the design of coconut milk producing machines that are integrated between the coconut grating process and the coconut milk squeezing process utilizing centrifugal force. Research aims to manufacture, a functional test of the machine components, and a calculation of the production cost per unit of the machine. The results showed that the coconut milk production machine has a power of 0.75 Kw, a maximum shaft rotation of 2850 rpm and an engine dimension of 600 x 600 x 1200 mm. The capacity of coconut milk production machines is 10 liters per hour, visual test results show that coconut milk production machines can function well at 1000 rpm, 1500 rpm, 2000 rpm and 2500 rpm. The total production cost for a unit of centrifugal coconut milk production machine with a production capacity of 10 liters per hour is Rp. 4,760,000.


Keywords


coconut milk, centrifugal force, functional test, production cost

References


D. J. Perkebunan, Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia, 1st ed. Jakarta: Sekretariat Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan, 2016.

D. Hendri and H. Susanto, “Analisa Kelayakan Investasi Usaha Produksi Minyak Kelapa di kabupaten Aceh Singkil,” in Seminar Nasional Teknik Mesin, 2019, pp. 65–70, [Online]. Available: http://sistem.teknik.unej.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2020/06/P-R-O-S-I-D-I-N-G-S-I-S-T-E-M-2-0-1-9-1.pdf.

D. Hendri, H. Susanto, and A. Munawir, “Desain Mesin Produksi Santan Sistem Sentrifugal Kapasitas 10 Lliter/Jam,” J. Mekanova Mek. Inov. dan Teknol., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 85–94, 2020.

A. Syakhroni and S. B. Utomo, “Rancang Bangun Alat Pemarut dan Pemeras Santan Kelapa dengan Menggunakan 1 Motor Penggerak untuk Meningkatkan Efektifitas,” J. Infotekmesin, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1–7, 2018.

C. Sianipar, K. Dowaki, G. Yudoko, and A. Adhiutama, “Seven pillars of survivability: Appropriate technology with a human face,” Eur. J. Sustain. Dev., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 1–18, 2013.

H. Susanto, “Desain dan Manufaktur Teknologi Tepat Guna Pedesaan.” Bandar Publishing, Banda Aceh, p. 227, 2018.

H. Susanto, J. Yanto, and W. Wahyudin, “Rancangan Alat Potong Tahu Tradisional untuk Indutri Rumahan di Kabupaten Nagan Raya,” J. Mekanova Mek. Inov. dan Teknol., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 20–30, 2020.

D. H. Sulistyarini, O. Novareza, and Z. Darmawan, Pengantar Proses Manufaktur untuk Teknik Industri. Universitas Brawijaya Press, 2018.

H. Susanto, “Rancang Bangun Mesin Panen Padi Mini Dua Lajur dengan Motor Penggerak Tenaga Surya,” Pros. Semnastek, 2018.

H. Susanto, S. Ali, and H. Hanif, “The Design of Flexible Rubber Tapping Tool with Settings the Depth and Thickness Control,” in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2019, vol. 506, no. 1, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/506/1/012002.

H. Susanto and Hanif, “Desiminasi Alat Sadap Karet dengan Pengaturan Kedalaman, Ketebalan dan Kemiringan Sudut Sadap,” in Seminar Nasional Teknologi Terapan, 2017, p. 506, [Online]. Available: https://sv.ugm.ac.id/2017/08/24/call-paper-seminar-nasional-teknologi-terapan-sntt-2017/.

H. Susanto and H. Hanif, “Rancang Bangun Alat Bantu Sadap Karet Dengan Pengaturan Kedalaman, Ketebalan dan Kemiringan Sudut Sadap,” Pros. Semnastek, 2017.

Mulyadi, Penggolongan biaya. Jakarta: Salemba, 2005.

A. Amelia, “Analisis Perhitungan Biaya Produksi Menggunakan Metode Variabel Costing Pt. Tropica Cocoprima,” J. EMBA, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 1–7, 2013.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30811/jpl.v18i2.1931

Refbacks

Comments on this article

View all comments
 |  Add comment



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

      

 

 

    

   

Lisensi Creative Commons

Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.

 

Mailing Address:

Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe

Jl. Banda Aceh-Medan
Km. 280,3, Buketrata, Mesjid Punteut, Blang Mangat,
Kota Lhokseumawe, 24301

Propinsi Aceh,
Indonesia