Kajian stabilitas termal bahan baku material insulasi panas berbasis serat alam: kayu kelapa sawit dan serat rami

Indra Mawardi, Samsul Rizal, Sri Aprilia, M. Faisal

Abstract


The use of thermal insulation materials in buildings is an important topic in an effort to increase the efficiency of electrical energy consumption. Natural fiber-based thermal insulation material is an alternative to the synthetic fibers that are widely used today. It is important to know the thermal stability of the materials as the basis for its feasibility as a thermal insulation material. Palm wood (OPW) and ramie fiber (RF) have potential as raw materials for thermal insulation from natural fibers. This study aims to assess the thermal stability of oil palm wood and ramie fibers as raw materials for thermal insulation materials based on natural fibers. Oil palm wood particles and rami fiber were treated before being tested. Oil palm wood is soaked in hot water 1000C for 30 minute and ramie fibers in 5% NaOH solution at the same time. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) tests were carried out to obtain the thermal characteristics of the two raw materials. Tests were carried out for both fibers, untreated and treated. TGA testing resulted in OPW and RF with treatment having better thermal stability than OPW and RF without treatment. OPW and FR with treatment have maximum thermal stability at temperatures of 3770C and 3990C. DSC analysis showed that OPW and FR with treatment produced peak temperatures at 4090C and 4080C respectively. The thermal stability of fibers will increase with treatment compared to untreated fibers.

Keywords


Thermal insulation material, palm wood, ramie fiber, TGA, DSC

Full Text:

PDF

References


H. Umar, “Penggunaan material berubah fasa sebagai penyimpan energi termal pada bangunan gedung,” J. POLIMESIN, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 105–115, 2020.

I. Florea and D. L. Manea, “Analysis of thermal insulation building materials based on natural fibers,” Procedia Manuf., vol. 32, pp. 230–235, 2019.

Y. Geng, W. Ji, B. Lin, J. Hong, and Y. Zhu, “Building energy performance diagnosis using energy bills and weather data,” Energy Build., vol. 172, pp. 181–191, 2018.

H. Viot, A. Sempey, L. Mora, J. C. Batsale, and J. Malvestio, “Model predictive control of a thermally activated building system to improve energy management of an experimental building: Part I—Modeling and measurements,” Energy Build., vol. 172, pp. 94–103, 2018.

L. Aditya et al., “A review on insulation materials for energy conservation in buildings,” Renew. Sustain. energy Rev., vol. 73, pp. 1352–1365, 2017.

K. Wei, C. Lv, M. Chen, X. Zhou, Z. Dai, and D. Shen, “Development and performance evaluation of a new thermal insulation material from rice straw using high frequency hot-pressing,” Energy Build., vol. 87, pp. 116–122, 2015.

X. Zhou, F. Zheng, H. Li, and C. Lu, “An environment-friendly thermal insulation material from cotton stalk fibers,” Energy Build., vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 1070–1074, 2010.

S. Panyakaew and S. Fotios, “New thermal insulation boards made from coconut husk and bagasse,” Energy Build., vol. 43, no. 7, pp. 1732–1739, 2011.

A. Korjenic, V. Petránek, J. Zach, and J. Hroudová, “Development and performance evaluation of natural thermal-insulation materials composed of renewable resources,” Energy Build., vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 2518–2523, 2011.

I. Cetiner and A. D. Shea, “Wood waste as an alternative thermal insulation for buildings,” Energy Build., vol. 168, pp. 374–384, 2018.

A. Braiek, M. Karkri, A. Adili, L. Ibos, and S. Ben Nasrallah, “Estimation of the thermophysical properties of date palm fibers/gypsum composite for use as insulating materials in building,” Energy Build., vol. 140, pp. 268–279, 2017.

A. Oushabi, S. Sair, Y. Abboud, O. Tanane, and A. El Bouari, “An experimental investigation on morphological, mechanical and thermal properties of date palm particles reinforced polyurethane composites as new ecological insulating materials in building,” Case Stud. Constr. Mater., vol. 7, pp. 128–137, 2017.

R. Opoku, G. Y. Obeng, J. Darkwa, and S. Kwofie, “Minimizing heat transmission loads and improving energy efficiency of building envelopes in sub-Saharan Africa using bio-based composite materials,” Sci. African, p. e00358, 2020.

I. Mawardi, “Effect of fiber fibrillation on impact and flexural strength of coir fiber reinforced epoxy hybrid composites,” in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2018, vol. 334, no. 1, p. 12079.

I. Mawardi, M. N. M. Zubir, J. Bakri, and A. Jannifar, “Development of a hybrid coir fiber composites as ballistic material,” in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2019, vol. 268, no. 1, p. 12130.

I. Mawardi, “Development of a Hybrid Coconut Fibre and Multi Reinforcement Epoxy Composite for High Impact Strength,” in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2019, vol. 536, no. 1, p. 12013.

D. J. P. K. Pertanian, Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia 2017 - 2019 (kelapa sawit). Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan Kementerian Pertanian, 2018.

S. K. Loh, “The potential of the Malaysian oil palm biomass as a renewable energy source,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 141, pp. 285–298, 2017.

M. Baskaran, N. A. C. H. Azmi, R. Hashim, and O. Sulaiman, “Properties of binderless particleboard and particleboard with addition of urea formaldehyde made from oil palm trunk waste,” J. Phys. Sci., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 151–159, 2017.

I. Mawardi, “Mutu Papan Partikel dari Kayu Kelapa Sawit (KKS) Berbasis Perekat Polystyrene,” J. Tek. Mesin, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 91–96, 2009.

A. Ginting, I. Mawardi, A. Jannifar, S. S. Hasyim, and M. R. Anzieb, “Effectiveness of die hole on wood pellet density quality improvement,” in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2019, vol. 268, no. 1, p. 12166.

K. Bilba, M.-A. Arsene, and A. Ouensanga, “Study of banana and coconut fibers: Botanical composition, thermal degradation and textural observations,” Bioresour. Technol., vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 58–68, 2007.

M. M. Kabir, “Effects of chemical treatments on hemp fibre reinforced polyester composites.” University of Southern Queensland, 2012.

D. N. Mahato, B. K. Mathur, and S. Bhattacherjee, “DSC and IR methods for determination of accessibility of cellulosic coir fibre and thermal degradation under mercerization,” 2013.

M. E. Ali and A. Alabdulkarem, “On thermal characteristics and microstructure of a new insulation material extracted from date palm trees surface fibers,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 138, pp. 276–284, 2017.

A. Ahmed, A. Qayoum, and F. Q. Mir, “Investigation of the thermal behavior of the natural insulation materials for low temperature regions,” J. Build. Eng., vol. 26, p. 100849, 2019.

H. P. S. A. Khalil, M. Jawaid, A. Hassan, M. T. Paridah, and A. Zaidon, “Oil palm biomass fibres and recent advancement in oil palm biomass fibres based hybrid biocomposites,” 2012.

R. N. Komariah et al., “High-performance binderless particleboard from the inner part of oil palm trunk by addition of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate,” Ind. Crops Prod., vol. 141, p. 111761, 2019.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30811/jpl.v19i1.2007

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Add comment



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

      

 

   

   

   

Lisensi Creative Commons

Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.

 

Mailing Address:

Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe

Jl. Banda Aceh-Medan
Km. 280,3, Buketrata, Mesjid Punteut, Blang Mangat,
Kota Lhokseumawe, 24301

Propinsi Aceh,
Indonesia