PENILAIAN KINERJA SISTEM IRIGASI MENGGUNAKAN INDIKATOR UNTUK PEMBUATAN KEPUTUSAN

Rizal Syahyadi, Ibrahim Ibrahim

Abstrak


This study involves the assessment of the performance of technical irrigation system in Aceh, Indonesia, namely the Pante Lhong technical irrigation system. The Pante Lhong technical irrigation system performances were evaluated using measured internal and external indicators that covered different aspect of evaluation. The Rapid Appraisal Process (RAP) is a visual assessment tool was used to evaluate the internal indicators performance. The selected indicators were grouped in terms of actual water delivery service performance and infrastructure maintenance. The external indicators were crop yield and production cost. The data are collected from the farmers in the three regions which were upstream, middle stream and downstream. Data were collected through field observation and face to face interviews with the irrigation staff and the farmers. The results for the infrastructure maintenance indicators showed that the current canal network received 74.25 % of the expected infrastructure maintenance. The results also found that the continuous supply method is quite enough to excellent performance of flexibility, reliability and equity of water distribution. However, the control flow to farmers in the next level at third canal/tertiary level and measurement of volumes delivered sub components had performed at worse than expected. In the crop yield indicator, the average maximum productivity was 3.91 ton/ha and the income generated was Rp. 11.730 million rupiahs/ha. The total production cost of the Pante Lhong technical irrigation system was Rp. 4.126 million rupiahs/ha and hence in term of return of investment (ROI), it is still profitable and feasible to be developed for the farmers.


Kata kunci


rapid appraisal process, internal indicators, external indicators

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Asawa, G. L., Irrigation and Water Resources Engineering. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers, 2005.

Bos, M, G., Burton, M. A., and Molden, D. J., Irrigation and Drainage Performance Assessment: Practical Guidelines, UK: CABI Publishing, 2005.

Bos, M. G., Performance Indicators for Irrigation and Drainage. Journal Irrigation and Drainage Systems, Vol. 11, 1997, p 119 - 137.

Bosch, V., Hoevenaars, J., Brouwer, C., and Hatcho, N., Irrigation Water Management. In Training Manual No. 8, Structures for Water Control and Distribution. Roma, Provisional Edition, FAO, 1993, p.76.

BPS-Indonesia. (2010). The National Productivity of Paddy in Indonesia (Publication., from Central Agency on Statistic in Indonesia: http://www.bps.go.id/.

Brewer, J. D., and Sakthivadivel, R., Maintenance Management Process: A Key Factor in Maintenance Improvement under Resource Constraint. Irrigation and Drainage Systems, Vol. 13, 1999, p. 207-227.

Burt, C. M. Modern Water Control and Management Practices in Irrigation: Methodology and Criteria for Evaluating the impact on Performance. Paper presented at the Proceeding of the Expert Consultation on Modernization of Irrigation Schemes: Past Experience and Future Options, 26-29 November 1996, Bangkok, Thailand.

Burt, M. C., and Styles, S. W., Conceptualizing Irrigation Project Modernization Through Benchmarking and The Rapid Appraisal Process. Irrigation and Drainage Systems, Vol. 53, 2004, p. 145-154.

Burt, C., and Fecon. T., Rapid Appraisal Process (RAP) and

Benchmarking: Explanation and Tools Paper presented at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO Regional Office for the Asia and Pacific, 2001. from www.watercontrol.org.

Burton, M., Newcombe, W., Dedja, Y., and Ey, T., Development and Application of Simplified Asset Management Procedures for Transferred Irrigation Systems. Jounal of Irrigation and Drainage Systems, Vol. 17, 2003, p. 87 - 108.

Clemmens, A. J., and Molden, D. J. (2007). Water User and Productivity of Irrigation Systems. Journal of Irrigation Science Vol. 25, p. 247-261.

Dayton-Johnson, J., Small-Holder and Water Resources: A Review Essay on The Economic of Locally-Managed Irrigation. Oxford Development Studies, Vol. 31, 2003, p. 315-339.

Deng, X., Luo, Y., Dong, S., Yang, X. (2005). Impact of Resources and Technology on Farm Production in Northwestern China Journal of Agricultural Systems Vol. 84 p. 155-169.

Gorantiwar, S. D., and Smout, I. K., Performance Assessment of Irrigation Water Management of Heterogeneous Irrigation Scheme: 1. A Framework for Evaluation. Journal Irrigation and Drainage Systems, Vol. 19, 2005, p. 1–36.

Kristianto, K., and Sitompul, T. M. (2005). Present Performance of Large Rice Based Irrigation Systems in Indonesia. Paper presented at the Proc. of the Regional Work Shop on the Future of Large Rice-Based Irrigation Systems in Southeast Asia, 26 - 28 October 2005 Vietnam.

Latif, M., and Tariq, J. A., Performance Assessment of Irrigation Management Transfer from Government-Managed to Farmer-Managed Irrigation System: A Case Study. Journal Irrigation and Drainage System, Vol. 58, 2009, p. 275 - 286.

Malano, H. M., and Van Hofwegen, P.J. M., Management of Irrigation and Drainage Systems - A Service Approach. Netherlands: A. A. Balkema, 1999.

Merret, S., Water for Agriculture: Irrigation Economics in International Perpective [Electronic Version], 2002, p. 235.

Office, W, R., Project Contract Documents Water Resources Office, Aceh Province, Indonesia, 2005.

Office, W. R., Project Contract Documents. Water Resources Office, Aceh Province, Indonesia, 2006.

Pasaribu, S. M., and Routray, J. K., Performance of Farmer-Managed Irrigation Systems for Rice Production in East Java Province, Indonesia. Jounal of Water Resources Development, Vol. 21, 2005, p. 473–491.

Renault, D., and Vehmeyer, P. W., On Reliability in Irrigation Service Preliminary Concept and Application. Irrigation and Drainage Concept, Vol. 13, 1999, p. 75-103.

Styles, S. W., and Marino, M. A.. (2002). Water Delivery Service as A Determinant of Irrigation Project Performance. Paper presented at the In Proceding of 18th Congress, International Comission on Irrigation & Drainage (ICID) 26 July 2002, Montreal, Canada.

Unal, H. B., Asik, S., Avci, M., Yaşar, S., and Akkuzu, E. (2004). Performance of Water Delivery System at Tertiary Canal Level: A Case Study of the Menement Left Bank Irrigation System, Gediz Başin, Turkey Journal of Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 65, 2004, p. 144 - 152.

Vandersypen, K., Bengaly, K., Keita, A. C. T., Sidibe, S., Raes, D., and Jamin, J. Y., Irrigation Performance at Tertiary Level in The Rice Scheme of The Office du Niger (Mali): Adequate Water Delivery Through Over-Supply Journal of Agricultural Water Management Vol. 83, 2006, p. 144 - 152.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30811/portal.v5i2.948

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Hak Cipta (c) 2019 Rizal Syahyadi, Ibrahim Ibrahim

Creative Commons License

Portal: Jurnal Teknik Sipil is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License 

©2018 All rights reserved | ISSN 2085-7454 (print) | 2622-576X (online)